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Logstash

Parsing a new log data source

Let’s continue with the example of the cooltool service we added in the PCAP processors section above, assuming that cooltool generates some textual log files we want to parse and index into Malcolm.

You’d have configured cooltool in your cooltool.Dockerfile and its section in the docker-compose files to write logs into a subdirectory or subdirectories in a shared folder bind mounted in such a way that both the cooltool and filebeat containers can access. Referring to the zeek container as an example, this is how the ./zeek-logs folder is handled; both the filebeat and zeek services have ./zeek-logs in their volumes: section:

$ grep -P "^(      - ./zeek-logs|  [\w-]+:)" docker-compose.yml | grep -B1 "zeek-logs"
  filebeat:
      - ./zeek-logs:/data/zeek
--
  zeek:
      - ./zeek-logs/upload:/zeek/upload
…

You’ll need to provide access to your cooltool logs in a similar fashion.

Next, tweak filebeat.yml by adding a new log input path pointing to the cooltool logs to send them along to the logstash container. This modified filebeat.yml will need to be reflected in the filebeat container via bind mount or by rebuilding it.

Logstash can then be easily extended to add more logstash/pipelines. At the time of this writing (as of the v5.0.0 release), the Logstash pipelines basically look like this:

So, in order to add a new parse pipeline for cooltool after tweaking filebeat.yml as described above, create a cooltool directory under logstash/pipelines which follows the same pattern as the zeek parse pipeline. This directory will have an input file (tiny), a filter file (possibly large), and an output file (tiny). In your filter file, be sure to set the field event.hash to a unique value to identify indexed documents in OpenSearch; the fingerprint filter may be useful for this.

Finally, in your docker-compose files, set a new LOGSTASH_PARSE_PIPELINE_ADDRESSES environment variable under logstash-variables to cooltool-parse,zeek-parse,suricata-parse,beats-parse (assuming you named the pipeline address from the previous step cooltool-parse) so that logs sent from filebeat to logstash are forwarded to all parse pipelines.

Parsing new Zeek logs

The following modifications must be made in order for Malcolm to be able to parse new Zeek log files:

  1. Add a parsing section to logstash/pipelines/zeek/11_zeek_logs.conf
    • Follow patterns for existing log files as an example
    • For common Zeek fields like the id four-tuple, timestamp, etc., use the same convention used by existing Zeek logs in that file (e.g., ts, uid, orig_h, orig_p, resp_h, resp_p)
    • Take care, especially when copy-pasting filter code, that the Zeek delimiter isn’t modified from a tab character to a space character (see “zeek’s default delimiter is a literal tab, MAKE SURE YOUR EDITOR DOESN’T SCREW IT UP” warnings in that file)
  2. If necessary, perform log normalization in logstash/pipelines/zeek/12_zeek_normalize.conf for values like action (event.action), result (event.result), application protocol version (network.protocol_version), etc.
  3. If necessary, define conversions for floating point or integer values in logstash/pipelines/zeek/11_zeek_logs.conf
  4. Identify the new fields and add them as described in Adding new log fields

Enrichments

Malcolm’s Logstash instance will do a lot of enrichments for you automatically: see the enrichment pipeline, including MAC address to vendor by OUI, GeoIP, ASN, and a few others. In order to take advantage of these enrichments that are already in place, normalize new fields to use the same standardized field names Malcolm uses for things like IP addresses, MAC addresses, etc. You can add your own additional enrichments by creating new .conf files containing Logstash filters in the enrichment pipeline directory and using either of the techniques in the Local modifications section to implement your changes in the logstash container

Logstash plugins

The logstash.Dockerfile installs the Logstash plugins used by Malcolm (search for logstash-plugin install in that file). Additional Logstash plugins could be installed by modifying this Dockerfile and rebuilding the logstash Docker image.